On June 16, 2006, at the Regional Radiocommunication Conference of the International Telecommunication Union [I.T.U.] held in Geneva, a treaty agreement was signed for the transition from analogue to digital broadcasting of television programs in countries belonging to Region 1, including our country.
Upon this agreement, the Greek government took the responsibility of adopting and implementing the legislation which would guarantee the switchover project within the framework set by I.T.U. The responsible parties for the project in our country were and still are the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks, the Minister of State, the Hellenic Telecommunication and Post Commission [E.E.T.T. in Greek] and the National Broadcasting Council [E.S.R. in Greek].
International Telecommunication Union [I.T.U.]
I.T.U. is United Nation’s specialized organization within which governments and private sectors coordinate the establishment and operation of networks and telecommunication services. It is responsible for the regulation, standardization, coordination and development of international telecommunications, as well as the harmonization of national policies. According to its decision, all countries globally were required to proceed from analogue to digital television signal transmission by June 17, 2015.
More information about I.T.U. here.
Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks & Minister of State
In Greece, the historic project of the transition from analogue to digital television was undertaken with the coordination of the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks, and more specifically from the General Secretary of the Hellenic Telecommunication and Post Commission. In other words, this Ministry created the legal framework within which the digital network would be be developed and the switchover performed.
With Joint Ministerial Decisions [J.M.D.] issued in corresponding pages in the Governmental Gazette, the two Ministries determined the required elements and specifications for the development of the digital terrestrial television network.
Specifically, J.M.Ds. define the following:
More information about the Ministry of Infrastructure, Transport and Networks as well as the corresponding decisions about the digital switchover can be found here.
Hellenic Telecommunication and Post Commission
The Commission was introduced in 1992 as Hellenic Telecommunication Committee [E.E.T. in Greek], however its formal operation began in 1995 where, bearing additional responsibilities, was renamed Hellenic Telecommunication and Post Commission. By being an independent body, the commission controls and supervises:
In addition, the Commission also acts as a competition committee for these industries.
According to its governing legal framework, the Commission:
For the digital switchover project, the Commission was responsible for the granting of digital terrestrial broadcasting frequency usage rights to network providers. Based on its decision, as announced on February 2, 2014, following tendering and evaluation of the result, Digea was declared tenderer for all frequency spectrum usage rights of national and regional coverage, with the objective of developing the digital terrestrial television network, which signified the final transition to digital terrestrial television.
More information about the Hellenic Telecommunication and Post Commission here.
National Broadcasting Council
The National Broadcasting Council was founded in 1989 and is one of the first independent bodies in Greece. Its basic duties involve the granting of operation licenses to privately-owned radio and television stations and the supervision of broadcasting legislation compliance by all privately-owned and public broadcasters.
In other words, the Council is responsible for the supervision of radio and television program content [note: TV stations are content providers, while Digea a network provider].
As far as regional channels are concerned, following appraisal of their program completeness, the Council approves their capability to broadcast their programs digitally during the transition period until they are granted licenses.
The National Broadcasting Council is not controlled neither takes orders from the government. It is only subject to review by the Term and Transparency Committee [in terms of procedures] of the Government’s Supreme Court, which is the Council of State.
In summary, the National Broadcasting Council’s responsibilities are:
More information about the National Broadcasting Council here [available in Greek only].
Ministry of Digital Governance
The Ministry of Digital Governance was formed on 8 July 2019. It is a new unit of public administration which brings together all the IT and telecommunications structures related to the provision of electronic services to citizens and the wider digital transformation of the country.
More information about the Ministry Of Digital Governance can be found here.
Note: Joint Ministerial Decision and other Formal documents are only available in Greek.